Normally deer hang out in the woods. But the sika deer isn’t a normal deer, and Nara, Japan, is no ordinary city. Unlike most deer, the sika keeps its spots all its life. Unlike most cities, Nara lets the deer wander all over the streets, sidewalks, and even into stores! Maybe that’s because the sika have such good manners. The people in Nara call them “bowing deer” because they’ll bow their heads to get treats called shika senbei, or “deer cookies.” The deer get to eat cookies, humans get to enjoy their company, and we get these great pictures – that’s a winning situation worth fawning over!

*Wee ones: *How many deer can you count in the top picture?

*Little kids: *If you give a sika deer 1 cookie every morning and evening,
how many cookies do you give it over 2 whole days? *Bonus: *A sika deer
can be as tall as 43 inches at the shoulder. Is your shoulder that tall?

*Big kids:* There are 3 million sika deer in Japan, and 127 million
people. How many more people are there than sika deer? (*Hint:* What if
you were just comparing 127 people to 3 deer?)* Bonus: *The sika’s antlers
can range from 12 to 30 inches tall. What number is the exact middle, or
average, of those 2 heights?

**Answers:**

*Wee ones: *We count 5 deer.

*Little kids: *4 cookies: 2 per day. *Bonus: *Different for everyone!
Grab a measuring tape and stretch it to your shoulder height.

*Big kids: *There are 124 million more people than deer, because 127 – 3
= 124. *Bonus: *21 inches. You can solve this at least 2 ways. The first
way is to add 30 + 12, then divide that sum, 42, by 2. The second way is to
find the difference between the two numbers, then count halfway up. 30-12 = 18
as the space between them, so the halfway mark is 9 more than 12, and 9 less
than 30.