Happy new year everyone! A lot can happen in one year — or even in just one hour, or minute, or second. With each second that ticks by, 4 babies are born, 2 people die, and Earth travels 18 1/2 miles through space. 60 sets of this happen every minute, and then 60 sets of that every hour, and then 24 hour-long sets every day…that gives us more than 31 million seconds in a year. Let’s see how much happens to us this year!

*Wee ones:* How long does just 10 seconds feel? To find out, count from 1 to 10 with the word “alligator” after each number!

*Little kids:* If your cousin just got baby twin sisters, how many more babies were born that same second? *Bonus:* If in one second 4,000 stars (4 thousand) are born but 1,000 other stars blow up, how many total new stars do we have after that second?

*Big kids:* If every second we have 2 more people total than before, how many more people should Earth have after the 31,000,000 seconds this year? (That’s 31 million.) *Bonus:* A secret number of babies is born in your town. If you double that number and add 5, you get 31. How many babies were born?

*The sky’s the limit:* Just to add to the pile, Americans supposedly eat about 10 billion donuts a year. About how many donuts is that per second? (*Hint if needed:* A billion is a thousand millions.)

Answers:

*Wee ones:* Count 1 alligator, 2 alligator, 3 alligator…up to 10 alligator.

*Little kids:* 2 other babies. *Bonus:* 3,000 stars (3 thousand).

*Big kids:* 62,000,000 more people (62 million, or about 1/5 of the U.S. added on!). *Bonus:* 13 babies, since it’s half of 26, which is 5 less than 31.

*The sky’s the limit:* 300 donuts per second. If they ate 10 per second, that would be 310,000,000…if they ate 100 per second, that would be about 3 billion, so they eat about 3 times as much as that, or 300.